suit

suit 1 *prayer, plea, petition, appeal
Analogous words: entreaty, importuning or importunity, imploring, supplication (see corresponding verbs at BEG): asking, requesting or request, soliciting or solicitation (see corresponding verbs at ASK)
2 Suit, lawsuit, action, cause, case are all used to designate legal proceedings instituted for the sake of demanding justice or enforcing a right. Though often used interchangeably in the sense of lawsuit, they may have certain differences in their connotations and their applications.
Suit stresses the attempt of a complainant through litigation to gain an end (as redress for a wrong, recognition of a claim, or the enforcement of law); it therefore may be used of the proceedings from the time of formal application through the prosecution
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win a suit

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withdraw a suit

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a suit in equity

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Lawsuit can add to suit the implication of actual trial in court and often that of judicial decision; it may therefore refer to the entire proceedings
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the lawsuit of Brown versus Jones ended in victory for the defendant

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Action comes very close to suit, but it is relatively colorless and throws the emphasis on actual proceedings rather than on petition
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bring an action in Circuit Court

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In technical legal use, however, it is a proceeding in a court of law which is distinguished from a suit in equity and which has for its end the ascertainment of facts. If the complainant's position is found correct in such an action, an appropriate legal remedy may then be applied.
Cause emphasizes the grounds on which one institutes a suit; consequently, like suit, it implies the plaintiffs point of view, but it suggests even more strongly his sense of the justice of his demand
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the customary arts of the pleader, the appeal to the sympathies of the public ... he rejected as unworthy of himself and of his causeDickinson

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Case, like cause, may imply rather the grounds of action than the actual proceedings but, unlike cause, may view or present these grounds from either or both points of view
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the plaintiff has a good case

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the defendant's attorney stated his casé

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However case often is applied to the entire proceedings in a lawsuit including the judicial decision
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one of the famous cases in legal history

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a study of historic capital cases

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New Dictionary of Synonyms. 2014.

Synonyms:

Look at other dictionaries:

  • suit — suit …   Dictionnaire des rimes

  • Suit — (s[=u]t), n. [OE. suite, F. suite, OF. suite, sieute, fr. suivre to follow, OF. sivre; perhaps influenced by L. secta. See {Sue} to follow, and cf. {Sect}, {Suite}.] 1. The act of following or pursuing, as game; pursuit. [Obs.] [1913 Webster] 2.… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • suit — n [Anglo French siute suite suit request to initiate legal proceedings, literally, pursuit, from siute, feminine past participle of suire to follow, from Old French sivre see sue]: a proceeding to enforce a right or claim; specif: an action… …   Law dictionary

  • suit — [suːt, sjuːt ǁ suːt] noun 1. [countable] LAW a case brought to a court of law by a private person or company, not by the police or government; = LAWSUIT: • Ms. Sobel filed a suit, claiming sex discrimination. 2. [countable] a set of clothes mad …   Financial and business terms

  • suit — [so͞ot] n. [ME sute, a pursuit, action of suing, garb, set of garments, sequence < OFr suite < VL * sequita, fem. pp. of sequere, to follow < L sequi, to follow: see SEQUENT] 1. a) a set of clothes to be worn together; now, esp., a coat… …   English World dictionary

  • Suit — is a term with various meanings:*A lawsuit, an action brought before a court, as to recover a right or redress a grievance *Suit (clothing), a combination of formal clothing, such as a jacket and matching trousers *Environmental suit, a piece of… …   Wikipedia

  • suit — [n1] matching top and bottom clothing clothing, costume, dress, ensemble, getup*, gray flannel*, habit, livery, outfit, threads*, tuxedo, uniform, wardrobe; concept 451 suit [n2] legal action case, cause, lawsuit, litigation, proceeding,… …   New thesaurus

  • suit up — ˌsuit ˈup [intransitive/transitive] [present tense I/you/we/they suit up he/she/it suits up present participle suiting up past tense …   Useful english dictionary

  • Suit — Suit, v. t. [imp. & p. p. {Suited}; p. pr. & vb. n. {Suiting}.] 1. To fit; to adapt; to make proper or suitable; as, to suit the action to the word. Shak. [1913 Webster] 2. To be fitted to; to accord with; to become; to befit. [1913 Webster] Ill… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • suit — SUÍT s.n. 1. Faptul de a (se) sui; urcare, suire, suiş (1). 2. Acţiunea de a transporta un obiect într un loc ridicat; urcat. – v. sui. Trimis de rain drop, 13.09.2007. Sursa: DEX 98  Suit ≠ coborât Trimis de siveco, 03.08.2004. Sursa: Antonime… …   Dicționar Român

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